What is NTFS MFT

Master File Table (MFT)

MFT or $MFT can be considered one of the most important files in the NTFS file system. It keeps records of all files in a volume, the files’ location in the directory, the physical location of the files in on the drive, and file metadata. The metadata includes file and folder create dates, entry modified dates, access dates, last written dates, physical and logical file size, and ACLs of the files. The file and directory metadata is stored as an MFT entry that is 1024 bytes in size. The first 16 entries in the MFT belong to system files, such as the MFT itself. From a forensics investigator perspective, entries are very interesting because when a file is deleted an entry gets marked as unallocated while the file content on the drive remains intact. The file name in the MFT entry can be overwritten due to MFT tree structure reorganization so most of the time file names are not maintained. File data eventually is overwritten as the unallocated drive space gets used.

MFT Software

Everything is a desktop search utility for Windows that can rapidly find files and folders by name. It is released under a free software license that allows modification and commercial redistribution, requiring only attribution.

Afaik, Everything reads information directly from the hard drive “content table”, that’s why it is so fast.


UltraSearch searches files on local NTFS drives and provides the results within just a few seconds. UltraSearch does not use a previously built index or background process, it achieves its speed by working directly on the Master File Table (MFT) of the NTFS partitions. You can enter a file name or a pattern like *.exe and often will see the results already while typing. Additional information like size and last change date will be shown for the listed files. Moreover, the Explorer context menu is available inside UltraSearch.

UltraSearch looks for files and folders and presents the results in just a few seconds. The sleek tool uses the unique technology which enables the searching directly at the heart of the NTFS file system on your hard drive, the Master File Table (MFT). UltraSearch searches all directories on local drives at lightning speed and delivers what you are looking for in a clear overview.


UI Design Applications

Here is a list of vector-based user interface (UI) and user experience (UX) designing software for websites and applications.


  • Probably the best
  • Easy to use
  • Figma is a user interface design software that runs in a browser
  • Figma is free for non-commercial use, and you can create up to three free projects in this software

Adobe XD

  • Windows and MAC
  • You do not need to pay to get started with Adobe XD


  • Sketch is exclusively available on Mac
  • Sketch offers a 30-day free trial, this software is not free

3D File Formats


Microsoft 3D Manufacturing Format. Paint 3D

In 2015, the Khronos Group developed the GLB and glTF formats. They saw a need for formats that developers could open and edit in many graphics and 3D apps. Version 2.0 of the specification (released in 2017), added Physically Based Rendering (PBR), which allows shadows and light to appear more realistic and coding updates for speed and improvements in animation.


glTF (derivative short form of Graphics Language Transmission Format or GL Transmission Format


GLB is a 3D file format that’s used in VR, AR, games, and web applications because it supports motion and animation. Another advantage of the format is its small size and fast load times. GLB files are a binary version of glTF with JSON. A single file contains supporting data such as textures, shaders, and geometry/animation.


FBX file is a 3D model saved in the Autodesk Filmbox format. It contains a model that can be used and shared across a variety of digital modeling and content creation programs, including the Autodesk suite of applications. FBX files are often used in game development and animation.

Determine Real Audio Bitrate

There are many deceitful services that claim to support YouTube 320kbps audio and even lossless quality. If you converted or saved audio from YouTube using such services, upon listening you are likely to discover the quality not being as high as promised. If you want to know the real bitrate of any YouTube audio, follow the steps below.

  1. Download and install Fakin’ the Funk app.
  2. Load audio file.
  3. Click “Show frequency spectrum” button.
  4. Inspect the frequency cutoffs on the spectrum. Use the following as a reference to determine the bitrate:
  • Cutoff at 11 kHz = 64 kbps.
  • Cutoff at 16 kHz = 128 kbps.
  • Cutoff at 19 kHz = 192 kbps.
  • Cutoff at 20 kHz = 320 kbps.